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» SURAT-THANI - Parc National de Khlong Phanom

SURAT-THANI - PARC NATIONAL DE KHLONG PHANOM

 

GEOGRAPHY


The high mountain range of Klong Phanom has many steep bare cliffs, typical of the limestone mountains in this area.
Fertile forests drape the mountains and many streams flow beneath the towering greenery.
Klong Phanom is a vital water source for surrounding communities and towns.
All the streams from Klong Phanom converge creating the Klong Sok river, this in turn flows into the Klong Saeng river which is a tributary of Klong Pam Duang, itself a major tributary of the Da Bee River.

 

Topography

Thailand's southern peninsular is in the direct path of east and west monsoons, and rain falls on the mountain ridges nearly all year round.
The abundant rain gives rise to many beautiful streams and green and moist nature.
Klong Phanom (in the south of Khao Sok national park across the highway 401) is going to be a national park.
This park covering 410 square kilometers is in Phanom district of Surat Thani province.
The high mountain range of Klong Phanom consists of many steep cliffs typical of the limestone mountains in this area.
Fertile forests drape the mountains, and many streams flow beneath the towering greenery.
Klong Phanom is a vital water source for surrounding communities and towns.

 

CLIMATE

Generally climate is similar to other areas in southern part of Thailand as it’s abundant rain all year round because it’s under influence of northeast monsoon and southwest monsoon and also the area is high mountain ranges covered with thick forest.
Climate an be divided into 2 seasons, rainy season starts from May-December, it hardly rain during August-October, summer starts January to April with the highest temperature in first-second week of April.

 

FAUNA AND FLORA

It’s Moist evergreen forest covered with dense trees.
It’s rich of flora which mostly economical valued tree such as Hopea, Dysoxylum thyrsoideum, Harpullia cupanioides, Anisoptera costata, Barringtonia fusiformis, Artocarpus lanceifolius, Mangifera indica, Heritiera sumatrana, Lagerstoremia speciosa, Mesua nervosa Planch&Triana, Sonneratia alba, Toona ciliata, etc.
Ground plants are bamboo, fern, genus Calamus or Daemonothops, Taenitis blechnoides, Caryota urens, Salacca rumphii and many species of vines.


The forest is habitat of variety animals consisting of elephants, deers, tapirs, bears, serows, wild pigs, gibbons, monkeys, langurs, squirrels, mouse deers, red jungle fowls, etc. as well as variety of birds and reptiles.


In the survey, Chiang Roun Bamboo is the biggest bamboo in Thailand with 60-80 centimeters in diameter and 30-40 meter long, there is 30 Rais (48,000 squares meters) of the bamboo in Pruching Mountain.
Chiang Roun Bamboo does not grow together with other bamboo. Its clump is about 20-30 bamboos.

 

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

Khao Wong camp was used as a base by communists armed forces during 1960s and 1970s.
From the park office, take the trail passing Khao Wong waterfall and walk for about 45 minutes to reach the old camp.
The grassland and fruit trees such as jackfruit, guava and lime are the evidence of the areas previously used by human inhabitants.
Walk downstream through a huge cave, a communist hideout, to reach the next mountain range.
Chong Yung waterfall is a beautiful fall noted for many fish that live in the pool at its base.
There are several fine limestone caves and cliffs that have yet to be explored throughly.

 

ACCOMMODATIONS AND FACILITIES 

At the moment there is only a camp ground without equipment.
Visitors need to bring their own gear and food.

 

HOW TO GET THERE

Klong Phanom is along the route no. 401 connecting Surat Thani and Takua Pa.
At the kilometer marker 90 there is a entrance road to the south, to the park.
Park's headquarters is just 300 meters from the turn-off.

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